Perception of Parents and Depression in Pakistani Adolescents
The objective of the present study was to investigate the predictive relationship of perception of parents (i.e. mother involvement, mother autonomy support, father involvement, and father autonomy support) with depression in adolescents. A sample of 758 adolescents (383 boys & 375 girls) was selected from different secondary schools situated in different areas of Karachi, Pakistan. The age range of sample was from 12 to 16 years with mean age of 13.57(SD=1.24). Their education level was from grade 6 to 10. Personal Information Form, Perception of Parents- Child Scale (POPS) (Grolnick, Deci, & Ryan, 1991), and Center for Epidemiological Studies - Depression Scale for Children (CES-DC) (Weissman, Orvaschel, & Padian, 1980) were administered on participants. The results of regression analyses revealed significant impact of maternal involvement and autonomy support on depression in adolescents; however paternal involvement and autonomy support do not predict depression in adolescents. Limitations and implications of findings were discussed.